The "EBS DocuPrime", a documentary program, has handled such mathematics several times. Of numerous documentaries, there are some particularly interesting and attractive. Those are the EBS classical mathematics documentaries dealing with the origin, history, and development of mathematics, which we can enjoyably watch again any time. They are the "Numbers", the "Math and the rise of civilization", and the "Pythagoras Theorem".

■ <Numbers> (Nov. 2015)

Each episode handles one number or one letter. Part 1 discusses π, Part 2 is about ∞, Part 3 handles x, Part 4 covers 0, and finally, Part 5 deals with i. The documentary lets us know how these numbers were created through anecdotes of famous mathematicians, such as Archimedes, Galileo, Kantor, Galois, Gauss and so on.

Chair-professor Roger Penrose / Department of Mathematics, Oxford University "The imaginary number is called as the number of imagination, but originally as a magic number. They created something that had not existed." |

The documentary was filmed in a total of 15 countries, including China, Greece, Germany, and France. The participation of renowned mathematical scholars, such as Roger Penrose and Cédric Villani who won the Fields Medal in 2010, as well as mathematicians from each country has enhanced the expertise of the documentary. This led to the award for the excellence prize at the 2016 Korea Communications Commission Broadcasting Awards and the best picture in TV documentary sector at the 43rd Korea Broadcasting Prizes.

Professor Cédric Villani / Director of research in Poincaré Institute "Mathematics was born here in Greece, at the same time as philosophy. It was a way to understand the world." |

"Numbers" is not a documentary just showing lectures in a classroom. It sometimes reenacts the lives of ancient mathematicians to help the viewers' understanding. Moreover, a famous mathematician visits the historical sites in person to describe the history of mathematics in some cases. It could be said that they directly experience and show how mathematics have affected our lives.

This documentary will be very helpful to high school students, who are consistently using ‘π, ∞, x, 0, and i' in class. They will be able to more excitingly understand math, further feeling the intrinsic beauty of mathematics. In addition, this documentary is beneficial to adults, in that it looks back on the history of human intelligence.

■ <Math and the rise of civilization> (Dec. 2011)

The "Math and the rise of civilization" is also a pentaptych documentary. It won the Grand Prize (Presidential Prize) at the 2012 Korea Communications Commission Broadcasting Awards, the Best Picture at the 48th Baeksang Arts Awards, and the Special Achievement Award from the Korea Mathematical Society. As subtitled as ‘Mathematics is the key to enter all knowledge of the world’, this documentary is telling the history of mathematics, which became the cornerstone in many civilized countries. It rectifies misconceptions for mathematics only to be considered as the problem-solving skills and calculation itself, trying to approach the root to demonstrate why the numbers were born. Through the 'invisible numbers', it would like to tell the story of 'Real Mathematics', which has developed visible technologies and cultures to make the civilization created.

"Part 2: The Elements" deals with Euclidean geometry. There is a book followed by the United States Declaration of Independence and 'Pricnipia' of Newton. It is the Euclid’s Elements. This book, which was compiled by Euclid and contains Greek philosophies and mathematics, has become the principles of all studies later.

In "Part 4: The Infinitesimal Calculus of Moving World", Britain and the continental Europe in the 17th century was drawn into the war of intellectual property rights. The academic worlds also stopped even their correspondence for 100 years. It was because of Newton in the UK and Leibniz in Germany. In the Infinitesimal Calculus, a magic that can explain everything changing with the equation, it explores who would be the winner, Newton or Leibnitz.

■ <Pythagoras Theorem> (Sep. 2008)

This documentary is highly recommended to middle school students who currently study the Pythagoras Theorem in class. While studying, watching a documentary about Pythagoras, but not just memorizing the formula, could help them more interestingly understand and enjoy mathematics.

■ Conclusion

The "Numbers", the "Math and the rise of civilization", and the "Pythagoras Theorem" were broadcasted form shortly 3 years to 10 years ago. These days, when new contents are being released, why should we watch such outdated documentaries? These documentaries handle the stories of mathematicians who had lived thousands years ago. What they found out and learned is still valid even in 2018. Same rule could be applied to these documentaries. They are classical mathematics documentaries to watch again any time, which EBS is proud of. The 'Classics' are called classics because their value does not fade over time, but rather goes up. The value of EBS classical mathematics documentaries will rise as time goes on. Why don't you watch them before too late?

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